Check the ATA (Approved Trade Association)

There are only two - the BPA or the IPC

British Parking Association

This is the more established of the two Associations and have their members (due to their size) issue the majority of parking charges - some 4.3mn tickets in 2017 or 80%. So this is the ATA you are most likely to come up against. ParkingEye who issued some 1.8mn tickets is the one you might see most.

The BPA rules are that a driver or the Registered Keeper must appeal a charge within 28 days if they want to access the second level appeal (POPLA), should the first appeal fail. This second-chance appeal is open for a futher 28 days and it is recommeded a) that you use it and b) you use a wider range of appeal points than the first appeal.

International Parking Community

This is the much smaller of the two Associations - some 1.1mn tickets in 2017 or 20%. The IPC has around 40 members mostly ex-clampers and one-man bands. The level of professionalism is low and is reflected in the way the IPC is run too.

Their IAS (Independent Appeals Service) is also set up differently from the British Parking Association's professionally run POPLA. The IAS works on the basis that the burden of proof is on the driver (and only the driver is allowed to appeal) to prove the parking charge was NOT valid, whereas with POPLA and the courts, the burden of proof is on the parking company. This has led to accusations that the IAS is biased, something that is not helped by the fact they never reveal the names and qualifications of the people making the decisions - again unlike POPLA and the courts.


Appealing a parking charge

Question BPA IPC
Who can appeal? Either the driver or the Keeper can appeal. If you were both then appeal as the Keeper without naming the driver. Only the driver is allowed to appeal. Appeals from Keepers are ignored.
How long do you have? 28 days from the date of the parking event. 21 days from the date of the parking event.
First appeal rejected? If you first appeal to the parking company is rejected, the parking company has to supply a POPLA 'code' to allow a second appeal. The code lasts only 28 days. After that the charge is passed to so-called debt collectors. If you first appeal to the parking company is rejected, the parking company will offer you the chance make a second appeal to the IAS. This opportunity lasts only 28 days. After that the charge is passed to so-called debt collectors.
Should you appeal? Yes to both a first appeal to the parking company and a second appeal to POPLA. A first appeal is a good idea but not the second one to the IAS.
List of members BPA ATA List. IPC ATA List.